India is a sovereign nation, unlike the US and the erstwhile USSR.
It is a misconception of some people and their misguided leaders that, “India is not a nation but a union of states”. Such leaders should understand that India is an ancient nation. There is cultural continuity here for thousands of years. It is the ancient culture that connects everyone.
Cultural nationalism is at the root of India’s specialty of ‘unity-integrity’.
In 1904 Mohammad Iqbal wrote Hind’s Tarana,
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In this context, it is notable here that Iqbal was born on 9 November 1877 in a Hindu Kashmiri family in Sialkot, Punjab province of British India (now in Pakistan). His family was a Kashmiri Pandit (of the Sapru clan) who converted to Islam in the 15th century and had its roots in a village in Kulgam in South Kashmir.
India’s culture and cultural nationalism are the same, not different. That’s why we have unity in diversity here. Asetu Himachal is a culture. We are because of our culture and cultural nationalism”World Teacher’ are in place of in cultural nationalismVasudhaiva Kutumbakam contains the spirit of.
Marxist thinker Damodar Dharmanand Kosambi has written in ‘Ancient Indian Culture and Civilization’, ‘Here there is unity with diversity. The whole country does not have one language. There are people of many colors. What has been said so far may lead to the belief that India has never been a nation. Also that India’s civilization and culture is the product of Muslim or British conquest. If it were so, Indian history would be the history of the winners only. In Kosambi’s view, India was a nation even before foreign invasions. He reminds that the biggest feature of Indian culture is its continuity in our country.
Dr. Ram Vilas Sharma, the great critic of Hindi literature, was one of the few thinkers who gave the most accurate interpretation of Marxism in the Indian context. Like many historians, Dr. Ram Vilas Sharma also believes that Arya came to India via Iran. That’s why it is very natural for them to think that sun worship started in Iran. Arya-non-Arya debate has actually been a weapon of imperialism.
Dr. Ram Vilas Sharma has presented a word picture of thousands of years old nation. He writes in ‘Indian Renaissance and Europe’ that looking at the country where the sages of Rigveda lived, it is written, ‘Here a certain country has been named.’
Supporting this, another scholar Pusalkar has determined the outline of the nation on the basis of river names. It includes Afghanistan, Punjab, partly Sindh, Rajasthan, North West Frontier Province, Kashmir and Eastern India up to Saryu. Dr. Ram Vilas Sharma has described India as a nation of Rigvedic period. He has given the opinion of many scholars, ‘The country where seven rivers flow is the same country, where the Harappan civilization developed after the deluge and after the displacement of the Indians. This country was the largest nation in the world for a long time after the Rigveda and the Harappan period. Nation is not just land. The people who live on it are the nation.
Former Speaker of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly Sanjay Porkhial has also made it clear that there is no result of nation agreement. The basis of nation formation is not religion, creed and religion. In a mantra of the Atharvaveda, the story of the birth and development of the nation goes like this, ‘The sages developed self-knowledge for the welfare of all. Did hard penance. Followed the rules of initiation etc. Enlightenment, penance and initiation gave birth to the nation’s strength and vigor.’ ‘Tato Rashtram Balam Ajayat.’
Rashtra is a Sanskrit word and Nation is its English translation. the mention of the word nation It is in Rigveda. It is in Yajurveda. It is in the Atharvaveda. in Ramayana and Mahabharata Is. Rahul Gandhi’s knowledge is not only unique, but pathetic. He also rejected the point of Jawaharlal Nehru. Nehru has described the nation of India as very ancient in Discovery of India.
The example of the European Union is pointless. The European Union is formed by agreement. Its member states have sovereignty, but not the European Union. The nation is sovereign in India. States can be made smaller as well as bigger under the constitution of a sovereign nation. The state system is fundamental. The constitution has given them many rights.
Us constitution of india Should be familiar with the right to increase or decrease the boundary of the states mentioned in The states of America are permanent. Their union and the union of India are different. America is a federation of indestructible states.
Dr. Ambedkar told the American story in the Constituent Assembly (25.11.1949), ‘The American Protestant Church proposed a prayer for the country that O God bless our nation.’ Objections arose because America was not a nation. The prayer modified to, ‘O God bless these united states.’
The Indian state is a living entity. Here the national anthem “Jana Gana Mana . , ” Is. The national song is “Vande Mataram”. The symbol of the nation is the national flag “Ashoka Chakra in tricolor”. The national bird is peacock. Therefore questioning the existence of the nation is objectionable.
It is an eternal truth that our culture works to connect the world. Our feelings are contained in our actions “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam”. The creative expression of the Indian soul first took place in the fields of philosophy, religion and culture. Calling India ‘Bharat Mata’ itself reflects our culture of ‘cultural nationalism’. It is the gift of our cultural nationalism that we always worship stones, rivers, mountains, trees, plants, birds and culture feeders in our country. Shankarji’s abode is told in every part of our country.
Article-I of the Constitution describes India as a Union of States, but the Preamble clearly states, ‘We the people of India having adopted, enacted and adopted this Constitution to constitute India as a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic of India’ Let’s dedicate ourselves. ‘The motto also mentions the fraternity that ensures the unity and integrity of the nation.
The statement that Mahatma Gandhi developed mutual agreement between states and sects during the freedom movement is not correct. Dr. Ambedkar clarified (04-11-1948), ‘The Drafting Committee wishes to clarify that although India is a union, this union is not the result of an agreement between the states.’ India is a sovereign nation state. It is not the result of any agreement. The sovereign nation formed the states to run the system of the country properly. The nation itself made the state.
Rahul Gandhi has been constantly questioning the idea of India for some time now. In February 2022, also Rahul Gandhi said in the Indian Parliament that India was just a “Union of States” and not a nation. But this time in Cambridge, London. In his view, India is not a nation. It is a union of states formed by the mutual agreement of the states. Why do they remember the Constitution of America more? We are not America where people have to take citizenship of the states as well as the country. We are one. We are India. For administrative convenience, the powers of the states and the central government are neatly divided. But the people of India will not accept any challenge to our existence as a nation.
cambridge university On Tuesday, May 23, 2022, Rahul Gandhi reached a program called ‘India at 75’. Where Dr. Shruti Kapila, Associate Professor of History and Indian-origin educationist at Corpus Christi College, answered questions from him.
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Congress leader Rahul Gandhi, who reached London’s Cambridge University, came face to face with Indian Civil Service officer Siddharth Verma. During the entire program, there were fierce questions and answers between the two on the issue of the nation and the state. Siddharth Verma tweeted a video on Tuesday, 24 May, in which he objected to Rahul Gandhi’s ‘Idea of India’.
Railway Traffic Service officer raised questions on Rahul Gandhi’s ‘Idea of India’ and said, ‘Don’t you think that as a political leader, your Idea of India not only has errors and mistakes, but it is also dangerous, because It negates the history of thousands of years.
Siddharth Verma told Rahul Gandhi that ‘you mentioned Article 1 of the Constitution, in which India has been called the Union of States. If you turn the page and read the preamble, then India has been described as a nation there. India is one of the oldest civilizations in the world and the word nation is also mentioned in the Vedas here. We are a very old civilization. Even when Chanakya used to teach students in Takshila, he also clearly said, you all may be from different janapadas, but you all belong to one nation and that is India. India is not just a shallow political existence with a history of 75 years, but India has existed for thousands of years and will remain so for eternity..’
The officer once again told Rahul Gandhi, no, the Sanskrit translation of nation is Rashtra.
To this Rahul Gandhi replied, ‘Did he use the word nation?’ So Siddhartha said that he had used the word ‘Rashtra’. Rahul said, ‘The nation is an empire.’ Then the officer said, ‘No, Rashtra is the Sanskrit word for nation.’
Rahul, however, insisted that “rashtra” meant “state”, not “nation”.
Clarifying the nation, Rahul Gandhi said that “nation” means “state”, not “nation”.
The word nation is a western concept”, the concept of nation-states originated in the west and India was just a federation of states. To this Siddhartha Varma countered him by saying, “So when I talk about nation, I don’t just talk about political institutions because we have had these experiments all over the world. You had the USSR, you had Yugoslavia, you had the United Arab Republic. So unless nations have a strong socio-cultural and emotional bond and a composite culture, a constitution cannot make a nation.
Rahul Gandhi again said, the meaning of nation is Kingdom (kingdom).
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There was a well-planned propaganda during the British Raj that the British made India a nation. Gandhiji was against this opinion. He wrote in ‘Hind Swaraj’, ‘It was the British who taught you that you were not a nation. This thing is absolutely baseless. Even when the British were not in India, we were one nation. Only then the British established a state here. According to Gandhiji, India was and is a nation.
The definition of Article 1 mentioned in the Constitution can be read and understood that the States do not have the right to secede from the Union. It is such a union that it cannot be disintegrated.
What is actually written about this in the constitution of India. The very first article of the constitution defines India.